Greywolves Company of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Sotnia Siromantsi)

A  combat  unit  of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) in Galicia, organized in October 1943 near Dolyna in the Carpathian Mountains, in the 4th UPA Military District (MD Stanyslaviv region) of UPA-West. It was initially commanded by Lt. Dmytro Karpenko "Yastrub" (former  Red  Army  Leutenant). In November 1943,  the Greywolves was assigned to the 3rd MD (Ternopil region) and sent northwest to the 2nd MD (Lviv region) to fight against the Polish Home Army in the Rava-Ruska area. The Greywolves operated in that area from April through August 1944, and then returned to the 3rd  MD. On 30 September 1944, the Greywolves played a key role in a battle with a  motorized  NKVD  battalion  near  Univ,  Peremyshliany  county.  For  the remainder of 1944,  the company participated in almost continuous armed combat,  culminating on 17 December 1944  in a successful attack on Novi Strilyshcha. Lt. Kosach committed suicide in March 1946 when his bunker was discovered by Soviet security forces, and the last skirmish attributed to the Greywolves occurred on 15 July 1946.  During the summer of 1947,  the company was officially demobilized. It was one of the few UPA units that integrated soldiers from various parts of Ukraine.                                                        Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989). University of Toronto Press (1984-93)

In 1947 many of the members of the Greywolves company participated in the Great Raid of the UPA to the West.  Led by Mykhailo Duda Hromenko, Volodymyr Shchyhelsky Burlaka, and Roman Hrobelsky Brodych, UPA companies marched through the Zakerzonnia region (eastern sections of the Western  Ukrainian ethnographic lands,  beyond the Curzon Line,  that were annexed by Poland pursuant to the Soviet-Polish border agreements of 194445)  and Czechoslovakia in order to reach Bavaria in Western Germany. Hromenkos company reached  its destination without dispersing, while the other companies advanced by splitting into small groups. Covering a distance of more than 1,500 km,  the freedom fighters made their way from behind the  Iron  Curtain to the West,  bringing the truth about the Ukrainians  liberation struggle  to  light  in  the West. Their  arrival  prompted  an international  sensation,  and  Western  European  and  American  newspapers  began  writing  about  the  Ukrainian Insurgent Army. The UPAs last successful raid into a neighbouring country was an insurgent action in Romania. During a two-week period, an insurgent group succeeded in carrying out  important  propagandistic  work among the Romanians by circulating appeals in leaflet form. After completing their assignment, the UPA soldiers managed  to  return  home  without  any losses by manoeuvring around the specially deployed Soviet forces. Although the UPAs raids did not lead to the  creation  of a coherent anti-Soviet front, to a significant degree they fostered local anti-Communist movements and helped inform the free world about the Ukrainians valiant struggle for  liberation  against  Stalinist  totalitarianism.                                                                                   Source